Poisoning of dogs and cats by carbamate


Synonymous with a fatal accident (or act of evil), the famous pellet is one of the poisons considered most dangerous among pet owners who live free most of the time - who fear having to deal with the intoxication of dogs and cats by carbamate.

Represented by names like Aldicarb (chumbinho), Propoxur, Landrin, Metacalmato and Aminocarb, among others; this substance - which should have limited use in agriculture and in pest control - is still used by humans who want to end insects and even rats, increasing the possibility that carbamate poisoning of dogs and cats occur.

As in order to be able to control different types of problems and infestations, it is necessary to leave this dangerous poison close to the places where insects or rats appear, this substance also ends up very close to the pets that can inhabit a house; thus subjecting themselves and their animals to intoxications that can sometimes be fatal.

Due to their different forms of presentation, these poisons can be absorbed either through the skin or through possible ingestions or inhalations - causing the intoxication of an animal because this type of substance may be accidental or created by perverse people (as described in different cases in which dozens of animals - mainly cats - are killed at once due to the offer of this poison to the animals).

To avoid the death of the poisoned animal and try to increase its chances of recovery after carbamate poisoning, the following steps must be taken:

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  • It is not recommended to offer substances that cause vomiting in the animal, because, most of the time, when the problem is identified, the origin of intoxication is not yet known (increasing the chance of causing more damage to the animal due to the ingestion of wrong medicines)
  • If spontaneous vomiting occurs, position the dog or cat in a way that facilitates the excretion of the contents
  • Go directly to the nearest veterinary clinic or hospital, where the correct medications and help to stabilize the picture can be administered
  • The removal of poisons and cleaning of the environment (with soap and water) where the animal was intoxicated are fundamental measures, which can help to prevent new cases of intoxication

Among the cited carbamates, the one with the greatest clinical significance is Aldicarb, which consists of an illegal substance in the country and is popularly known by the name of “pellet”Owners of a low residual degree, but of high toxicity, intoxicates dogs and cats, mainly through oral ingestion - it may be due to the impotence it causes in the transmission of nerve impulses.

A wide range of symptoms can occur when an animal is covered by this type of substance, the most common signs of which usually include:

  • Mental confusion
  • Muscle weakness and tremors (fasciculation)
  • Change in breathing pattern (distraction)
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive salivation (drooling)
  • Loss of coordination of voluntary muscle movements (ataxia)
  • Decreased pupillary diameter (miosis)
  • Convulsions
  • Eat and / or die in the most severe cases

The treatment consists of general decontamination measures, therefore, the general cleaning of the place where the poisoning occurred is of fundamental importance for the investigation of other possible sources of contamination - along with the immediate removal of the source of poisoning.

It is worth remembering that themilk should not be used as an antidoteglobal, therefore, the fat in its composition can facilitate or accelerate the toxic process in the organism, worsening the prognosis of the animal poisoned by carbamate.


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